The Relationship between University Autonomy, Lecturer Empowerment, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Indonesian Universities

Ahmad Suriansyah, Aslamiah Aslamiah, Noorhapizah Noorhapizah, Iwan Winardi, Juhriyansyah Dalle

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to bring forth academics’ opinion or assessment regarding university autonomy, lecturer empowerment, and organization citizenship behavior, and to establish the existing correlations among these three variables. A descriptive and correlational survey method was used, taking in consideration 350 lecturers from five universities, all found in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Data were collected using a research instrument comprising of 199 items. These items were categorized in three forms, basing on the three variables, that is: University autonomy, which was identified as UA with 77 items; Lecturer empowerment, shortened to LE with 52 items; and Organizational citizenship behavior, coded as OCB with 69 items. A pilot study was conducted to ensure that all items and instrument used were tested for validity and reliability. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation. The results reveal that university academics sampled from the five premier universities believe that their universities meet the criteria for the established three variables of UA, LE, and OCB. It is therefore, concluded that, there is a moderate understanding of the variables and also a significant relationship existing among them.


Keywords


university autonomy, lecturer empowerment, organizational citizenship behavior.

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