Gender Equality in Education: Relationship Between Communication Patterns and Women’s Attitudes Toward Higher Education

Maulina Larasati Putri, Jenny R Suminar, Purwanti Hadisiwi, Tine S Rachmawati


In this study, gender equality does not imply complete equivalence between men and women, but rather ensures opportunities are independent of gender. Both genders have equal opportunities to fulfill their rights and potential, particularly in education. Unfortunately, not all Betawi women have the opportunity and access to advance their education. A prevailing societal stigma suggests that higher education is unnecessary for them, as their primary role is deemed to be household care. This study aims to examine the relationship between communication patterns within Betawi ethnic families and women’s attitudes toward pursuing higher education. This study employs a quantitative methodology, collecting data through surveys. The study participants consisted of 254 women from Betawi ethnic families, both current higher education students and graduates. Spearman’s rank analysis was conducted for data analysis, yielding Spearman’s rank with a p-value of 0.737. There was a relationship between the communication patterns of Betawi ethnic families and women's attitudes toward continuing higher education, considering the perspective of gender equality in education. This study suggests that education plays a pivotal role in achieving gender justice, facilitating the transmission of norms, knowledge, and skills.


Betawi ethnic family; communication pattern; gender equality; higher education

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