The Response of Pesantren Community Toward the Ideology of Islamism: A Study of Pesantren Teachers’ Perception in North Sumatra

M. Jamil, Iman Jauhari, Dahlan Dahlan


This study is a qualitative research aimed to see the response of pesantren teachers toward Islamist ideology. Specifically, this study attempted to find out the perception of pesantren teachers toward the idea of Islamic country, Jihad, non-Muslim leaders and women as leaders. The teachers interviewed are those who teach Qur’an, Hadith and Fiqh classes. The data were analyzed by using the data analysis model proposed by Miles and Huberman. The results indicate that the majority of pesantren teachers consider that the establishment of an Islamic country and the implementation of Islamic law are important, but they oppose women and non-Muslims as leaders of Muslim communities or a country. According to Bassam Tibi’s theory of Islamism, the response of these pesantren teachers can be categorized as moderate Islamism, not radical because they support the establishment of Islamic state and Islamic law, yet object to violence to achieve the goals.

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