Ethical Problems Concernig Dialectic Interaction of Culture and Civilization

Liudmyla Pavlyshyn, Olga Voronkova, Marina Yakutina, Elena Tesleva

Abstract


The idea of regarding consistency in the nature and society originated in ancient philosophy in the form of a general concept of livability and integrity of being. The problem of consistency of social life was the focus of such thinkers of XIX-XX centuries, as Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Pitirim Sorokin, Talcott Parsons. Philosophers always try to figure out the specifics of social phenomenon, mechanisms of social integration that provide social order despite the diverse interests of people who live in a community. Emile Durkheim considered society as a solidarity and combination of different ideas and positions. Society is not limited only to the life of its people. Society appears in the form of the creativity of people in various spheres of public life, the creation of material and spiritual values, development of nature and formation of new qualities of any person. An idea of society as a single structure is the result of a long development of philosophical thought. While living in a society people take real human qualities and a society exists only thanks to a man. Society is a center of moral life, a kind of deity and a place of all values.


Keywords


nature; life; crisis of culture, society, civilization; freedom; system

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